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This communication presents an automatic soil texture classification system using hyperspectral soil signatures and wavelet-based statistical models. Previous soil texture classification systems are closely related to texture classification methods, where images are used for training and testing. In this study, we develop a novel system using hyperspectral soil textures, which provide rich information and intrinsic properties about soil textures, where two wavelet-domain statistical models, namely, the maximum-likelihood and hidden Markov models, are incorporated for the classification task. Experimental results show that these methods are both reliable and robust.