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A multiresolution color image segmentation approach is presented that incorporates the main principles of region-based segmentation and cluster-analysis approaches. The contribution of This work may be divided into two parts. In the first part, a multiscale dissimilarity measure is proposed that makes use of a feature transformation operation to measure the interregion relations with respect to their proximity to the main clusters of the image. As a part of this process, an original approach is also presented to generate a multiscale representation of the image information using nonparametric clustering. In the second part, a graph theoretic algorithm is proposed to synthesize regions and produce the final segmentation results. The latter algorithm emerged from a brief analysis of fuzzy similarity relations in the context of clustering algorithms. This analysis indicates that the segmentation methods in general may be formulated sufficiently and concisely by means of similarity relations theory. The proposed scheme produces satisfying results and its efficiency is indicated by comparing it with: 1) the single scale version of dissimilarity measure and 2) several earlier graph theoretic merging approaches proposed in the literature. Finally, the multiscale processing and region-synthesis properties validate our method for applications, such as object recognition, image retrieval, and emulation of human visual perception.