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Daily imaging scheduling of an Earth observation satellite

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4 Author(s)
Wei-Cheng Lin ; Electr. Eng. Dept., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Da-Yin Liao ; Chung-Yang Liu ; Yong-Yao Lee

This work presents the development of a daily imaging scheduling system for a low-orbit, Earth observation satellite. The daily imaging scheduling problem of satellite considers various imaging requests with different reward opportunities, changeover efforts between two consecutive imaging tasks, cloud-coverage effects, and the availability of the spacecraft resource. It belongs to a class of single-machine scheduling problems with salient features of sequence-dependent setup, job assembly, and the constraint of operating time windows. The scheduling problem is formulated as an integer-programming problem, which is NP-hard in computational complexity. Lagrangian relaxation and linear search techniques are adopted to solve this problem. In order to demonstrate the efficiency and effectiveness of our solution methodology, a Tabu search-based algorithm is implemented, which is modified from the algorithm in Vasquez and Hao, 2001. Numerical results indicate that the approach is very effective to generate a near-optimal, feasible schedule for the imaging operations of the satellite. It is efficient in applications to the real problems. The Lagrangian-relaxation approach is superior to the Tabu search one in both optimality and computation time.

Published in:

Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 2 )