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A force reflected exoskeleton-type masterarm for human-robot interaction

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4 Author(s)
Yoon Sang Kim ; Interaction Lab., Samsung Adv. Inst. of Technol., Suwon, South Korea ; Lee, J. ; Sooyong Lee ; Munsang Kim

Two human-robot interactions, including a haptic interaction and a teleoperated interaction, are explored with a new exoskeleton-type masterarm, in which the electric brakes with the torque sensor beams are used for force reflection. In the haptic interaction with virtual environment, the masterarm is used as a haptic device and tested to examine how the resistant torque of the electric brake for the force reflection is implemented in contact regime prior to conducting the teleoperated interaction. Two types of virtual environments, a rigid wall with high stiffness (hard contact with 10 [KN/m]) and a soft wall with low stiffness (soft contact with 0.1 [N/m]), are integrated with the masterarm for the haptic interaction. In hard contact, large force is fed back to the human operator, and makes the human operator hardly move. The electric brake with the torque sensor beam can detect the torque and its direction so that it allows free motion as well as contact motion by releasing or holding the movement of the operator. The experimental results show how the electric brake is switched from contact to free regime to allow the operator to move freely, especially when the operator intends to move toward the free regime in contact. In soft contact, the force applied to the human operator can be increased or decreased proportionally to the torque amount sensed by the torque sensor beam, thus the operator can feel the contact force proportional to the amount of the deformation during the contact. Finally, the masterarm is integrated with the humanoid robot, CENTAUR developed at Korea Institute of Science and Technology to conduct a pick-and-place task through the teleoperated interaction. It is examined that the CENTAUR as a slave robot can follow the movement of the operator.

Published in:

Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:35 ,  Issue: 2 )