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Harmonic estimation for a signal distorted with additive noise has been an area of interest for researchers in many disciplines of science and engineering. This work presents a new algorithm based on the foraging behavior of E. coli bacteria in our intestine to estimate the harmonic components present in power system voltage/current waveforms. The basic foraging strategy is made adaptive, through a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy scheme, depending on the operating condition to make the convergence faster. Besides, the harmonic estimation is linear in amplitude and nonlinear in phase. As the proposed algorithm does not rely on Newton-like gradient descent methods, this is used for phase estimation whereas the linear least square scheme estimates the amplitude, thereby presenting the hybrid method. The improvement in %error, as well as the processing time compared with the conventional discrete Fourier transform and genetic algorithm method is demonstrated in this paper. Besides, the performance is quite acceptable even in the presence of decaying dc component as well as to change in amplitude and phase angle of harmonic components.