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We present a complete top-down design of a low-power multi-channel clock recovery circuit based on gated current-controlled oscillators. The flow includes several tools and methods used to specify block constraints, to design and verify the topology down to the transistor level, as well as to achieve a power consumption as low as 5 mW/Gbit/s. Statistical simulation is used to estimate the achievable bit error rate in the presence of phase and frequency errors and to prove the feasibility of the concept. VHDL modeling provides extensive verification of the topology. Thermal noise modeling based on well-known concepts delivers design parameters for the device sizing and biasing. We present two practical examples of possible design improvements analyzed and implemented with this methodology.
Design, Automation and Test in Europe, 2005. Proceedings
Date of Conference: 7-11 March 2005