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Meta algorithms for hierarchical Web caches

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3 Author(s)
Laoutaris, N. ; Dept. of Informatics & Telecommun., Athens Univ., Greece ; Syntila, S. ; Stavrakakis, I.

Large scale hierarchical caches for Web content have been deployed widely in an attempt to reduce delivery delays and bandwidth consumption and also to improve the scalability of content dissemination through the World Wide Web. Irrespective of the specific replacement algorithm employed in each cache, a de facto characteristic of contemporary hierarchical caches is that a hit for a document at an l-level cache leads to the caching of the document in all intermediate caches (levels l-1,..., 1) on the path towards the leaf cache that received the initial request. This paper presents various algorithms that revises this standard behavior and attempts to be more selective in choosing the caches that gets to store a local copy of the requested document. As these algorithms operate independently of the actual replacement algorithm running in each individual cache, they are referred to as meta algorithms. Three new meta algorithms are proposed and compared against the de facto one and a recently proposed one by means of synthetic and trace-driven simulations. The best of the new meta algorithms appears to be leading to improved performance under most simulated scenarios, especially under a low availability of storage. The latter observation makes the presented meta algorithms particularly favorable for the handling of large data objects such as stored music files or short video clips. Additionally, a simple load balancing algorithm that is based on the concept of meta algorithms is proposed and evaluated. The algorithm is shown to be able to provide for an effective balancing of load thus possibly addressing the recently discovered "filtering-effect" in hierarchical Web caches.

Published in:

Performance, Computing, and Communications, 2004 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

2004

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