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This letter introduces a new wideband coplanar waveguide-to-rectangular waveguide transition. The transition uses a uniplanar circuit in line with the waveguide, which eases the design and fabrication. The design does not require airbridges. Simulations and measurements of X-band (8.2-12.4 GHz) transitions based on both a low- and high-permittivity material (εr= 2.33 and 10.8) show that the transition works fine over the full frequency band. For εr= 2.33 the measured return and insertion loss of a back-to-back transition are more than 16 dB and less than 0.4dB, respectively. The corresponding values for εr= 10.8 are more than 10 dB and less than 1.0 dB, respectively, over 90% of the frequency band. The measured insertion loss values indicate losses of less than 0.14 dB and 0.36 dB at the center frequency for a single transition on a substrate with εr= 2.33 and 10.8, respectively.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2005