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Broadband CDMA packet access is one of the most promising air interfaces for future 4G mobile communication systems. In this study, a novel reservation-based access protocol with prioritized resource allocation (PRA) is proposed as a reverse channel MAC protocol, which enables various rate real-time communications on such a system. In this protocol, a low-rate temporal dedicated control channel (TDCCH) is momentarily assigned between a base station (BS) and mobile station (MS). A TDCCH is used to transmit not only access control signals including a reservation signal, but also transmission control signals such as transmission power control (TPC) commands. This protocol prevents a packet-by-packet setup delay and provides contention-free packet reservation so long as a TDCCH is established. The duration of the TDCCH can be controlled according to the quality of service (QoS) requirement. PRA is based on such a reservation scheme, and two different resource allocation areas are defined in time slots that correspond to real-time and best-effort classes. The real-time packets have a wider allocation area so that they can acquire radio resources prior to best-effort packets. Thus, resources are assigned to real-time packets first, and the remaining resources can be used for best-effort packet transmission. By combining admission control and flow control with PRA, real-time packet communication can be achieved in the reverse channel. The performance of the proposed protocol is evaluated by computer simulation and through an experimental system.