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A CMOS smart temperature sensor with a 3σ inaccuracy of ±0.5°C from -50°C to 120°C

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6 Author(s)
Pertijs, M.A.P. ; Electron. Instrum. Lab., Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands ; Niederkorn, A. ; Xu Ma ; McKillop, B.
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A low-cost temperature sensor with on-chip sigma-delta ADC and digital bus interface was realized in a 0.5 μm CMOS process. Substrate PNP transistors are used for temperature sensing and for generating the ADC's reference voltage. To obtain a high initial accuracy in the readout circuitry, chopper amplifiers and dynamic element matching are used. High linearity is obtained by using second-order curvature correction. With these measures, the sensor's temperature error is dominated by spread on the base-emitter voltage of the PNP transistors. This is trimmed after packaging by comparing the sensor's output with the die temperature measured using an extra on-chip calibration transistor. Compared to traditional calibration techniques, this procedure is much faster and therefore reduces production costs. The sensor is accurate to within ±0.5°C (3σ) from -50°C to 120°C.

Published in:

Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 2 )