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Blind uplink channel and DOA estimator for space-time block coded MC-CDMA system with uniform linear array

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4 Author(s)
Ke Deng ; Sch. of Electron. & Inf. Eng., Xi''an Jiaotong Univ., China ; Qinye Yin ; Ming Luo ; Yanxing Zeng

Space-time coded multi-carrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) is studied in this paper. For macrocellular systems with the frequency-selective fading, we propose a scheme including a uniform linear array (ULA) at the base station, a Tarokh space-time block code (STBC) at every user side, and using only one spreading code for each user. Moreover, its blind channel identification and directions-of-arrival (DOA) estimation algorithm is proposed also and includes two steps: first, by dividing the ULA into two identical overlapping subarrays, we construct a specific auxiliary matrix including both uplink channels and DOA information of all active users. DOA can be estimated and the users with different impinging DOA are separated via an ESPRIT-like algorithm; second, a joint space-frequency uplink vector channel impulse response (VCIR) identification algorithm is developed for all active users within one macrocell by exploiting the structure of the STBC and the singular value decomposition. Finally the closed-form solution of the uplink VCIR and DOA for all active users can be obtained. Computer simulation results demonstrate the validity of this proposed scheme.

Published in:

Vehicular Technology Conference, 2004. VTC 2004-Spring. 2004 IEEE 59th  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

17-19 May 2004