By Topic

Is Search Really Necessary to Generate High-Performance BLAS?

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
K. Yotov ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA ; Xiaoming Li ; Gang Ren ; M. J. S. Garzaran
more authors

A key step in program optimization is the estimation of optimal values for parameters such as tile sizes and loop unrolling factors. Traditional compilers use simple analytical models to compute these values. In contrast, library generators like ATLAS use global search over the space of parameter values by generating programs with many different combinations of parameter values, and running them on the actual hardware to determine which values give the best performance. It is widely believed that traditional model-driven optimization cannot compete with search-based empirical optimization because tractable analytical models cannot capture all the complexities of modern high-performance architectures, but few quantitative comparisons have been done to date. To make such a comparison, we replaced the global search engine in ATLAS with a model-driven optimization engine and measured the relative performance of the code produced by the two systems on a variety of architectures. Since both systems use the same code generator, any differences in the performance of the code produced by the two systems can come only from differences in optimization parameter values. Our experiments show that model-driven optimization can be surprisingly effective and can generate code with performance comparable to that of code generated by ATLAS using global search.

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:93 ,  Issue: 2 )