Skip to Main Content
We derive two suboptimum maximum-likelihood (ML) receivers for fast frequency-hopped M-ary frequency-shift-keying (FSK) spread-spectrum (SS) communication systems. These two receiver structures attempt to countermeasure the effects of the worst case multitone jamming (MTJ) and additive white Gaussian noise over Rayleigh- and Rician-fading channels, respectively. In addition, analytical bit-error-rate (BER) expressions for the two proposed suboptimum structures are derived and validated by simulation results. Performance comparisons among various receivers show that the proposed suboptimum receivers significantly outperform the other existing receivers over fading channels. The optimum diversity level of the suboptimum ML receiver for the Rayleigh-fading case is found to be higher than that of the Rician-fading case. In addition, the proposed suboptimum ML receivers with optimum diversity levels can effectively remove the effect of MTJ, even under very low signal-to-jamming ratio conditions.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2005