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Performance analysis of space-time transmitter diversity techniques for WCDMA using long range prediction

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2 Author(s)
Guncavdi, S. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC, USA ; Duel-Hallen, A.

Transmitter diversity in the downlink of code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems achieves similar performance gains to the mobile-station receiver diversity without the complexity of a mobile-station receiver antenna array. Pre-RAKE precoding at the transmitter can be employed to achieve the multipath diversity without the need of the RAKE receiver at the mobile station. We examine feasibility of several transmitter diversity techniques and precoding for the third-generation wideband CDMA (WCDMA) systems. In particular, selective transmit diversity, transmit adaptive array and space-time pre-RAKE (STPR) techniques are compared. It is demonstrated that the STPR method is the optimal method to combine antenna diversity and temporal precoding. This method achieves the gain of maximum ratio combining of all space and frequency diversity branches when perfect channel state information is available at the transmitter. We employ the long range fading prediction algorithm to enable transmitter diversity techniques for rapidly time varying multipath fading channels.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )