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Linear closed-form precoding of MIMO multiplexing systems in the presence of transmit correlation and Ricean channel

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3 Author(s)
Akhtar, J. ; Dept. of Informatics, Oslo Univ., Norway ; Gesbert, D. ; Hjorungnes, A.

This paper presents a closed-form linear precoder for a MIMO spatial multiplexing (SM) system in the presence of transmit correlation and a Ricean component. Existing SM (V-BLAST and similar schemes), based upon channel matrix inversion, rely on the linear independence of antenna channel responses for stream separation and suffer considerably from high levels of fading correlation and/or dominating ill-conditioned line-of-sight channel components. We propose a simple algorithm that adjusts the transmitted constellation through power weighting and phase shifts that can be interpreted in some extreme cases as a higher order constellation design scheme. We obtain a rate-preserving MIMO multiplexing scheme that can operate smoothly at any degree of transmit correlation and any type of LOS channel component.

Published in:

Global Telecommunications Conference, 2004. GLOBECOM '04. IEEE  (Volume:5 )

Date of Conference:

29 Nov.-3 Dec. 2004