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In this paper, we propose a method for blind multiuser detection (MUD) in synchronous systems over flat and fast Rayleigh fading channels. We adopt an autoregressive-moving-average (ARMA) process to model the temporal correlation of the channels. Based on the ARMA process, we propose a novel time-observation state space model (TOSSM) that describes the dynamics of the addressed multiuser system. The TOSSM allows an MUD with natural blending of low complexity particle filtering (PF) and mixture Kalman filtering (for channel estimation). We further propose to use a more efficient PF algorithm known as the stochastic M-algorithm (SMA), which, although having lower complexity than the generic PF implementation, maintains comparable performance.