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Stochastic analysis of turbo decoding

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1 Author(s)
Minyue Fu ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Univ. of Newcastle, NSW

This paper proposes a stochastic framework for dynamic modeling and analysis of turbo decoding. By modeling the input and output signals of a turbo decoder as random processes, we prove that these signals become ergodic when the block size of the code becomes very large. This basic result allows us to easily model and compute the statistics of the signals in a turbo decoder. Using the ergodicity result and the fact that a sum of lognormal distributions is well approximated using a lognormal distribution, we show that the input-output signals in a turbo decoder, when expressed using log-likelihood ratios (LLRs), are well approximated using Gaussian distributions. Combining the two results above, we can model a turbo decoder using two input parameters and two output parameters (corresponding to the means and variances of the input and output signals). Using this model, we are able to reveal the whole dynamics of a decoding process. We have discovered that a typical decoding process is much more intricate than previously known, involving two regions of attraction, several fixed points, and a stable equilibrium manifold at which all decoding trajectories converge. Some applications of the stochastic framework are also discussed, including a fast decoding scheme

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan. 2005

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