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The general solution of satisfiability problems is NP-complete. Although state-of-the-art SAT solvers can efficiently obtain the solutions of many real-world instances, there are still a large number of real-world SAT families which cannot be solved in reasonable time. Much effort has been spent to take advantage of the internal structure of SAT instances. Existing decomposition techniques are based on preprocessing the static structure of the original problem. We present a dynamic decomposition method based on hypergraph separators. Integrating the separator decomposition into the variable ordering of a modern SAT solver leads to speedups on large real-world satisfiability problems. Compared with a static decomposition based variable ordering, such as Dtree (Huang and Darwiche, 2003), our approach does not need time to construct the full tree decomposition, which sometimes needs more time than the solving process itself. Our primary focus is to achieve speedups on large real-world satisfiability problems. Our results show that the new solver often outperforms both regular zChaff and zChaff integrated with Dtree decomposition. The dynamic separator decomposition shows promise in that it significantly decreases the number of decisions for some real-world problems.
Date of Conference: 15-17 Nov. 2004