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A comparison of static and dynamic characteristics between rectus eye muscle and linear muscle model predictions

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3 Author(s)
Enderle, John D. ; Dept. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., North Dakota State Univ., Fargo, ND, USA ; Engelken, E.J. ; Stiles, R.N.

The muscle is modeled as a viscoelastic parallel combination connected to a parallel combination of active state tension generator, viscosity element, and length tension elastic element. Each of the elements is linear and their existence is supported with physiological evidence. The static and dynamic properties of the muscle model are compared to rectus eye muscle data. The length-tension characteristics of the model are in good agreement with the data within the operating region of the muscle. With the muscle model incorporated into a lever system to match the isotonic experiment paradigm, simulation results for this linear system yield a nonlinear force-velocity curve. Moreover, the family of force-velocity curves generated with different stimulus rates reported in the literature match the predictions of the model without parametric changes.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 12 )