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Gallium nitride self-aligned MOSFETs were fabricated using low-pressure chemical vapor-deposited silicon dioxide as the gate dielectric and polysilicon as the gate material. Silicon was implanted into an unintentionally doped GaN layer using the polysilicon gate to define the source and drain regions, with implant activation at 1100/spl deg/C for 5 min in nitrogen. The GaN MOSFETs have a low gate leakage current of less than 50 pA for circular devices with W/L=800/128 /spl mu/m. Devices are normally off with a threshold voltage of +2.7 V and a field-effect mobility of 45 cm/sup 2//Vs at room temperature. The minimum on-resistance measured is 1.9 m/spl Omega//spl middot/cm/sup 2/ with a gate voltage of 34 V (W/L=800/2 /spl mu/m). High-voltage lateral devices had a breakdown voltage of 700 V with gate-drain spacing of 9 /spl mu/m (80 V//spl mu/m), showing the feasibility of self-aligned GaN MOSFETs for high-voltage integrated circuits.