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Bluetooth is a low-power, low-cost, and short-range wireless technology. A well structured scatternet, with the appropriate number of piconets and bridges for a specific traffic pattern, increases the performance of a Bluetooth network. However, the structure of a scatternet is difficult to control or predefine because the scatternet is formed using a distributed procedure, with the master and slaves of each piconet connected at random. The participation of mobile Bluetooth devices in a scatternet at different times also increases the difficulty of maintaining a good structure. A badly structured scatternet exhibits the following characteristics: too many bridges in the scatternet creates a guard slot overhead associated with bridge switching among the participating piconets, increasing the probability that a packet is lost; too many piconets in a communicative range causes packet collision and thus degrades the performance; unnecessary piconets also lengthen the routing path, delaying the transmission of packets from source to destination. The paper proposes a distributed scatternet reconstruction protocol for dynamically reorganizing the scatternet. Unnecessary bridges and piconets can be dynamically removed by applying a role switching operation, improving the packet error rate, saving guard slots, and reducing the average routing length. By experiment, it is shown that the proposed protocol improves the data transmission performance of a Bluetooth scatternet.