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Feature extraction using very high resolution satellite imagery

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4 Author(s)
Y. Xiao ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore ; S. K. Lim ; T. S. Tan ; Seng Chuan Tay

With the availability of very high resolution commercial satellite data, there has been much interest to extract man-made objects from such imagery. In this paper, we propose a PC-based incremental system, which includes both road and building extraction tasks in a same package, and makes use of IKONOS's stereo pair to generate 3-D city-model. For each image set, we first use the traditional Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) to locate the vegetated areas to be used for masking, and apply the Canny operator to the panchromatic images for edge detection. Subsequently, we use the edge thinning and division algorithm to enhance the detected edges. The roads in satellite imagery are extracted in a semiautomatic way. After the major road areas have been extracted, we focus the search for buildings in areas that are neither road nor vegetation instead of searching the whole image. The package also provides user interactions, which make use of some existing techniques for rooftop hypotheses generation. To handle buildings of different sizes in an image, we use a multi-level approach to make 3D building model generation more efficient

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004. IGARSS '04. Proceedings. 2004 IEEE International  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

20-24 Sept. 2004