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Four years of Landsat-7 on-orbit geometric calibration and performance

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4 Author(s)
Lee, D.S. ; Earth Resources Obs. Syst. Data Center, Sci. Applic. Int. Corp., Sioux Falls, SD, USA ; Storey, J.C. ; Choate, M.J. ; Hayes, R.W.

Unlike its predecessors, Landsat-7 has undergone regular geometric and radiometric performance monitoring and calibration since launch in April 1999. This ongoing activity, which includes issuing quarterly updates to calibration parameters, has generated a wealth of geometric performance data over the four-year on-orbit period of operations. A suite of geometric characterization (measurement and evaluation procedures) and calibration (procedures to derive improved estimates of instrument parameters) methods are employed by the Landsat-7 Image Assessment System to maintain the geometric calibration and to track specific aspects of geometric performance. These include geodetic accuracy, band-to-band registration accuracy, and image-to-image registration accuracy. These characterization and calibration activities maintain image product geometric accuracy at a high level-by monitoring performance to determine when calibration is necessary, generating new calibration parameters, and verifying that new parameters achieve desired improvements in accuracy. Landsat-7 continues to meet and exceed all geometric accuracy requirements, although aging components have begun to affect performance.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 12 )