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The role of path loss on the selection of the operating bands of UWB systems

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3 Author(s)
Cassioli, D. ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Rome Univ., Italy ; Durantini, A. ; Ciccognani, W.

We performed a propagation experiment in a modern office building in Rome, Italy. The propagation measurements are based on the use of a vector network analyzer (VNA) over the band 2-12 GHz, with a frequency resolution of 5 MHz. We propose a novel analysis of the dependence of path loss laws on the carrier frequency and bandwidth. Our experimental results show that the path loss exponent strongly depends on the carrier frequency. The path loss exponents increase with the increasing carrier frequency for the line-of-sight (LOS) scenarios, while exhibit an opposite behavior for the non-line-of-sight (NLOS) data. We explain this behavior by the frequency dependence of the reflection coefficient of the walls surrounding the transmitter. Indeed, the lowest frequencies (2-5 GHz) are reflected, while the highest frequencies (up to 12 GHz) pass through the walls.

Published in:

Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2004. PIMRC 2004. 15th IEEE International Symposium on  (Volume:4 )

Date of Conference:

5-8 Sept. 2004