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Broad multiwavelength second-harmonic generation from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals of tetragonal lattice structure

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3 Author(s)
Lung-Han Peng ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Chao-Ching Hsu ; Kung, A.H.

We investigate the effects of lattice spacing and domain-filling ratio on the wavelength dependence in second-harmonic generation (SHG) from two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals (2-D NPC) on lithium niobate. Spectral coverage of 150 and 200 nm around 1.5 and 1.9 μm in quasi-phase-matched (QPM) SHG is obtained by angular rotation of the NPC with a lattice periodicity of 20×20 and 29.5×29.5 μm2, respectively. The SHG signals are shown to have off-axial propagation directions determined by the incident wavelength and the QPM vector. The intensity of the high-order reciprocal-lattice-vector (Gmn)-assisted SHG signal is shown to depend on the domain-filling ratio. These observations are attributed to the unique dispersion of Gmn together with the nonzero χ(2)(Gmn) nonlinearity in the 2-D QPM-NPC having a tetragonal lattice structure.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 5 )