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In this paper, an FIR adaptive filter implementation using a multiplier-free architecture is presented. The implementation is based on distributed arithmetic (DA) which substitutes multiply-and-accumulate operations with a series of look-up-table (LUT) accesses. This can be achieved at the cost of a moderate increase in memory usage. The proposed design performs an LMS-type adaptation on a sample-by-sample basis. This is accomplished by an innovative LUT update using a matched auxiliary LUT. The system is implemented on an FPGA that enables rapid prototyping of digital circuits. Implementation results are provided to demonstrate that a high-speed LMS adaptive filter can be realized employing the proposed architecture.