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A 1.8-V 15-bit 40-MSample/s CMOS pipelined analog-to-digital converter with 90-dB spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR) and 72-dB peak signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) over the full Nyquist band is presented. Its differential and integral nonlinearities are 0.25 LSB and 1.5 LSB, respectively, and its power consumption is 400 mW. This performance is enabled by digital background calibration of internal digital-to-analog converter (DAC) noise and interstage gain errors. The calibration achieves improvements of better than 12 dB in signal-to-noise plus distortion ratio and 20 dB in SFDR relative to the case where calibration is disabled. Other enabling features of the prototype integrated circuit (IC) include a low-latency, segmented, dynamic element-matching DAC, distributed passive input signal sampling, and asymmetric clocking to maximize the time available for the first-stage residue amplifier to settle. The IC is realized in a 0.18-μm mixed-signal CMOS process and has a die size of 4mm×5 mm.