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A simple technique to evaluate the noise spectral density in operational amplifier based circuits using the adjoint network theory

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1 Author(s)
V. Vasudevan ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Indian Inst. of Technol.-Madras, Chennai, India

We use the adjoint network theory to get quick estimates of the noise contributed by various elements in linear time-invariant opamp based circuits. The noisy operational amplifier is represented using a or with an input referred noise voltage and current source. The adjoint model for this representation is derived. This makes the noise analysis of operational amplifier based circuits very simple and the contribution of the operational amplifiers to the output noise can be obtained very often by inspection. The method is applicable to amplifiers, active RC and MOSFET-C filters. Examples of circuits analyzed include the universal active filter and gyrator topologies.

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 11 )