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Packet contention is a major challenge in photonic packet-switched networks due to the lack of random access buffers in the optical domain. Existing contention resolution approaches such as wavelength conversion and fiber-delay-line buffering may significantly increase the overall system cost and may be difficult to implement. To avoid such issues, this paper proposes a framework for providing label-based differentiated contention resolution by exploiting recirculation buffering and deflection routing. To accommodate more options for differentiation and to avoid the potential problem of forwarding packets in a network indefinitely, two classes of loopless deflection algorithms are provided. An analytical model is also developed to evaluate the packet loss probability and the end-to-end delay for different buffering and deflection routing schemes. The paper also investigates the effectiveness of the control schemes in providing differentiated loss and delay through simulation and analysis. The accuracy of the analytical model is confirmed by simulation.