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Design and fabrication of broad-band silica-based optical waveguide couplers with asymmetric structure

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3 Author(s)
Takagi, A. ; NTT Opto-Electron. Lab., Ibaraki, Japan ; Jinguji, K. ; Kawachi, M.

Waveguide-type directional couplers with different guide widths in the interactive region are designed and fabricated with silica-based waveguides on silicon substrates. It is demonstrated that these asymmetric couplers have broadband coupling-ratios of, for example, 50%±5%, 25%±3%, or 5%±2% over a wide wavelength range from 1.3 to 1.55 μm, which are in good agreement with the results calculated using the beam propagation method (BPM). The excess loss of these couplers is as low as 0.7 dB, including input and output single-mode fiber coupling losses

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 4 )