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Application adaptive energy efficient clustered architectures

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1 Author(s)
Marculescu, D. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA

As clock frequency and die area increase, achieving energy efficiency, while distributing a low skew, global clock signal becomes increasingly difficult. Challenges imposed by deep-submicron technologies can be alleviated by using a multiple voltage/multiple frequency island design style, otherwise called the globally asynchronous, locally synchronous (GALS) design paradigm. This paper proposes a clustered architecture that enables application-adaptive energy efficiency through the use of dynamic voltage scaling for application code that is rendered non-critical for the overall performance, at run-time. As opposed to task scheduling using dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) that exploits workload variations across applications, our approach targets workload variations within the same application, while on-the fly classifying code as critical or noncritical and adapting to changes in the criticality of such code portions. Our results show that application adaptive variable voltage/variable frequency clustered architectures are up to 22% better in energy and 11% better in energy-delay product than their non-adaptive counterparts, while providing up to 31% more energy savings when compared to DVS applied globally.

Published in:

Low Power Electronics and Design, 2004. ISLPED '04. Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

9-11 Aug. 2004