By Topic

A 100-ps time-resolution CMOS time-to-digital converter for positron emission tomography imaging applications

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
B. K. Swann ; Concorde Microsystems Inc., Knoxville, TN, USA ; B. J. Blalock ; L. G. Clonts ; D. M. Binkley
more authors

An integrated CMOS subnanosecond time-to-digital converter (TDC) has been developed and evaluated for positron emission tomography (PET) front-end applications. The TDC architecture combines an accurate digital counter and an analog time interpolation circuit to make the time interval measurement. The dynamic range of the TDC is programmable and can be easily extended without any timing resolution degradation. The converter was designed to operate over a reference clock frequency range of 62.5 MHz up to 100 MHz and can have a bin size as small as 312.5 ps LSB with 100-ns conversion times. Measurements indicate the TDC achieves a DNL of under ±0.20 LSB and INL less than ±0.30 LSB with an rms timing resolution of 0.312 LSB (97.5 ps), very close to the theoretical limit of 0.289 LSB (90 ps). The design is believed to be the first fully integrated CMOS subnanosecond TDC used in PET medical imaging and the first realization of a CMOS TDC that achieves an rms timing resolution below 100 ps within a 100-ns conversion time.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 11 )