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X pinch X-ray radiation above 8 keV for application to high-resolution radiography of biological specimens

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6 Author(s)
Song, Byung Moo ; Sch. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY, USA ; Shelkovenko, T.A. ; Pikuz, S.A. ; Mitchell, M.A.
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The X pinch is a dense plasma X-ray source that is known to emit subnanosecond bursts of X-rays in the 2.5-8 keV energy range from a very small (∼1 μm) source commonly referred to as a micropinch. As such, it has been successfully used as a point source for X-ray radiographic imaging of small biological samples with spatial resolution as good as 1-2 μm. Recent experiments show that the soft X-ray emission from a micropinch extends out to as high as 15 keV, and that there is also harder radiation from a slightly displaced ∼100 μm source with photon energies reaching above 60 keV that appears to be due to the presence of several-nanosecond electron-beam pulse. Both of these harder X-ray sources are potentially useful X-ray sources for high-resolution radiography of thicker biological samples than we have previously imaged. A characterization of these two hard X-ray radiation sources from X pinch plasmas using a slit camera with different filters, as well as imaging of a variety of biological objects on each pulse, revealed the energy range and source size of the micropinch radiation separate from the larger electron-beam source. High-resolution images (1-10 μm scale resolution) of samples, such as a boron fiber with tungsten core (2.5-12 keV) as well as a several-millimeter-thick chicken wing with bone (>10 keV), will be presented.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 5 )