Skip to Main Content
Three different current-mode-output CMOS image sensor structures comprising of a pixel cell and an appropriate readout circuit have been analyzed and compared with regard to their noise behavior, fixed-pattern noise (FPN), and the dynamic range. First, a standard integrating pixel cell with a readout circuit containing a voltage-to-current converter is proposed. Second, a pixel cell based on a switched current cell is analyzed. The third sensor cell uses a feedback loop to control the reverse bias voltage of the photodiode to reduce the settling time of the pixel cell and the influence of the photodiodes's dark current. The necessary amplifier is partly located in the pixel cell and partly in the readout circuit. In all sensors, correlated double sampling is used to suppress the FPN.