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NAR estimators of spatial covariance matrices for adaptive array detection

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1 Author(s)
El Ayadi, M. ; Mil. Tech. Coll., Cairo, Egypt

The theory of noise-alone-reference (NAR) power estimation is extended to the estimation of spatial covariance matrices. A NAR covariance estimator insensitive to signal presence is derived. The SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) loss incurred by using this estimator is independent of the input SNR and is less than that encountered with the maximum likelihood covariance estimator given that the same number of uncorrelated snapshots is available to both estimators. The analysis assumes first a deterministic signal. The results are extended and generalized to signals with unknown parameters or random signals. For the random signal case, generalized and quasi-NAR covariance estimators are presented

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 7 )