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Aimed at the current use of CGI as server-side technology in the Web-based telerobotic system while CGI not only has shortages of platform dependency and low efficiency, but also is hard to develop. This paper presents the use of Java Servlet technology instead and applying the MVC design pattern to construct a Web-based telerobotic system made up of a HTTP server, an image server and a robot server. This system can provide Internet users with interactive access to an autonomous mobile robot including tele-teaching, programmable robotic motion, target search in a complex environment and so on. The validity and correctness of the software structure of this system have been proven by tests on LAN, campus network and Internet.