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Wireless sensor networks (WSN) is a novel technology in acquiring and processing information and has been an active research area in recent years. This paper presents the current development of WSN's applications and the solutions for real time monitoring of nuclear power plant. Firstly, the architecture of WSN is provided as well as the component structure of the sensor node. Then, the abundant applications of WSN are outlined in many areas such as military, environmental, healthy, home, commercial, and the industrial. Particularly, the WSN solutions for real time monitoring of nuclear power plant (NPP) are explored in detail. Finally, open research issues for the practice of WSN are discussed.