Skip to Main Content
In ship detection, a key aspect is to keep a low level constant false alarm rate combined with a high detection probability in presence of clutter background, caused by reflections from wave tops on the sea, rain, snow or fog. Generally, the constant false alarm rate (CFAR) algorithm is applied, which is based on the assumption that clutter background can be modeled using a Gaussian distribution, generating a high level of false alarms in presence of non Gaussian clutter. This problem has been addressed under two independent approaches: modeling the environment noise (sea clutter) with independent non Gaussian models or using variations of CFAR detection algorithm. Both approaches provide good results only for specific characteristics of clutter. We discuss a hybrid approach for target detection that use three probabilistic models of clutter associated to sea state (Gauss, Weibull and K distributions), detection algorithms with adaptive threshold for CFAR, classification algorithms that associate a noise model with a specific CFAR algorithm according to the sea state, and low level morphological operations to generate an image of targets. The goal of this approach is provide an automatic mechanism to associate a clutter model with a specific CFAR algorithm according to sea state in order to obtain radar images without clutter. The proposed detection approach is evaluated by high level simulation. Results are presented and discussed.