Skip to Main Content
The application of genetic algorithm (GA) optimization to the design and analysis of planar monopole antennas is presented. GA is first used to optimize the impedance matching bandwidth of two particular planar element shapes, the bow-tie (BT) and reverse bow-tie (RBT). The results of this study indicate that the RBT can achieve a significantly wider bandwidth with a much smaller size than the traditional BT. In a follow-on study, GA is used to generate arbitrarily shaped planar monopole designs, which exhibit improved broadband performance and/or reduced size compared with the RBT. The designs generated by the GA demonstrate a better tradeoff between matching bandwidth and electrical size compared with planar monopole designs previously characterized in the literature. Analysis of results from simulation and measurement are presented, which provide insight into the operation of these antennas as well as the key parameters that lead to improved performance. Finally, a performance bound is generated to relate the bandwidth limitation of planar monopoles to size.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2004