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Aerosol retrieval over land from AVHRR data-application for atmospheric correction

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5 Author(s)
Holben, B. ; NASA/Goddard Space Flight Centre, Greenbelt, MD, USA ; Vermote, E. ; Kaufman, Y.J. ; Tanre, D.
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Correction of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery for the aerosol effect requires retrieval of the aerosol loading from the images. Two retrieval algorithms that were previously developed for Landsat are modified for the AVHRR. The methods determine the aerosol optical thickness over land surfaces from AVHRR band one data independently of ancillary information. The first method retrieves aerosols based on the atmospheric effect on the path radiance. This method requires the surface reflectance to be 0.02±0.01, which is found over forests in the red channel. Two techniques are used to screen an AVHRR scene for pixels that have this low reflectance. The qualifying requirements for these techniques are discussed, and the method is demonstrated to retrieve aerosol optical thicknesses to ~±0.1. The second method uses the change in contrast for several scenes to determine the change in the optical thickness between the scenes. A reference scene allows absolute determination. The method has an rms error of ~0.1

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:30 ,  Issue: 2 )

Date of Publication:

Mar 1992

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