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Global open ethernet (GOE) system and its performance evaluation

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5 Author(s)
Iwata, A. ; Syst. Platforms Res. Labs., NEC Corp., Kanagawa, Japan ; Hidaka, Y. ; Umayabashi, M. ; Enomoto, N.
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This paper presents an overview of global open Ethernet (GOE) architecture as a cost-effective Ethernet-based virtual private network (VPN) solution, and discusses a hardware and software implementation of a prototype system. Three main approaches have been proposed for a VPN solution on metro-area network: resilient packet ring, Ethernet over multiprotocol label switching (EoMPLS), virtual bridged local area network-tag stacking (Q-in-Q). None of these schemes can satisfy the following requirements at the same time: network topology flexibility, affordable network functionalities, low equipment cost, and low operational cost. The proposed GOE system is designed to solve VPN management problems of these approaches with MPLS VPN functionality at a low cost of Ethernet-based solution. The key components of GOE are: 1) a novel GOE tag for high-speed switching and 2) a novel routing and protection module via per-destination multiple rapid spanning tree protocol (PD-MRSTP). Via the analytical performance evaluation of EoMPLS, Q-in-Q, and GOE, we show that the memory cost and the network utilization of GOE is two-three times smaller and 22% higher than the other approaches, respectively. We also have developed a GOE prototype system and obtained the following remarkable hardware and software performance results. The GOE core switch delivered 100% of theoretical maximum throughput (10 G) with zero packet loss even with the field programmable gate array platform, and its 10-G port density is 1.5 times denser than the best currently available products. The GOE switch using PD-MRSTP also delivered a significantly fast protection switching time (1.975 ms), which was significantly faster than legacy Ethernet switches. These performance evaluation results prove that the proposed GOE system can be used as a cost-effective high-performance Ethernet-based VPN solution.

Published in:

Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 8 )