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A complete and efficient algorithm for searching 3-D form-closure grasps in the discrete domain

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3 Author(s)
Yun-Hui Liu ; Dept. of Autom. & Comput.-Aided Eng., Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, China ; Miu-ling Lam ; Dan Ding

A complete and efficient algorithm is proposed for searching form-closure grasps of n hard fingers on the surface of a three-dimensional object represented by discrete points. Both frictional and frictionless cases are considered. This algorithm starts to search a form-closure grasp from a randomly selected grasp using an efficient local search procedure until encountering a local minimum. The local search procedure employs the powerful ray-shooting technique to search in the direction of reducing the distance between the convex hull corresponding to the grasp and the origin of the wrench space. When the distance reaches a local minimum in the local search procedure, the algorithm decomposes the problem into a few subproblems in subsets of the points according to the existence conditions of form-closure grasps. A search tree whose root represents the original problem is employed to perform the searching process. The subproblems are represented as children of the root node and the same procedure is recursively applied to the children. It is proved that the search tree generates O(KlnK/n) nodes in case a from-closure grasp exists, where K is the number of the local minimum points of the distance in the grasp space and n is the number of fingers. Compared to the exhaustive search, this algorithm is more efficient, and, compared to other heuristic algorithms, the proposed algorithm is complete in the discrete domain. The efficiency of this algorithm is demonstrated by numerical examples.

Published in:

Robotics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 5 )