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In Shannon information theory, the capacity of a memoryless communication channel cannot be increased by the use of feedback. In quantum information theory, the no-cloning theorem means that noiseless copying and feedback of quantum information cannot be achieved. In this correspondence, quantum feedback is defined as the unlimited use of a noiseless quantum channel from receiver to sender. Given such quantum feedback, it is shown to provide no increase in the entanglement-assisted capacities of a memoryless quantum channel, in direct analogy to the classical case. It is also shown that in various cases of nonassisted capacities, feedback may increase the capacity of memoryless quantum channels.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2004