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The notion of lambda-Grids posits plentiful collections of computing and storage resources richly interconnected by dedicated dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) optical paths. In lambda-Grids, the DWDM links form a network with plentiful bandwidth, pushing contention and sharing bottlenecks to the end systems (or their network links) and motivating the group transport protocol (GTP). GTP features a request-response data transfer model, rate-based explicit flow control, and more importantly, receiver-centric max-min fair rate allocation across multiple flows to support multipoint-to-point data movement. Our studies show that GTP performs as well as other UDP based aggressive transport protocols (e.g. RBUDP, SABUL) for single flows, and when converging flows (from multiple senders to one receiver) are introduced, GTP achieves both high throughput and much lower loss rates than others. This superior performance is due to new techniques in GTP for managing end system contention.
Date of Conference: 19-22 April 2004