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Most software-based video encoders perform rate-distortion model analysis to determine the quantizer step size after the motion estimation (ME) step. The Sum of Absolute Differences (SAD) values from the motion estimator are used as the complexity estimates for rate-control model. However, for video encoders on SoC platforms, the calculation of rate-control model is typically done on the Microcontroller Unit (MCU) core while the macroblock encoding loop (ME, transform, quantization, and entropy coding) is done by a VLSI accelerator core. In order to reduce the communication overhead between the MCU and the ASIC accelerator, a rate control algorithm that is executed outside the encoding loop solely by the MCU is very useful. In this paper, an out-of-loop rate control with scene change detection is proposed for video codec for SoC platforms. The experimental results show that this algorithm is very promising for video codec hardware/software co-design.
Circuits and Systems, 2004. ISCAS '04. Proceedings of the 2004 International Symposium on (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 23-26 May 2004