By Topic

70% TMR at room temperature for SDT sandwich junctions with CoFeB as free and reference Layers

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
Dexin Wang ; NVE Corp., Eden Prairie, MN, USA ; Nordman, C. ; Daughton, J.M. ; Qian, Zhenghong
more authors

Spin dependent tunneling (SDT) wafers were deposited using dc magnetron sputtering. SDT junctions were patterned and connected with one layer of metal lines using photolithography techniques. These junctions have a typical stack structure of Si(100)-Si3N4-Ru-CoFeB-Al2O3-CoFeB-Ru-FeCo-CrMnPt with the antiferromagnet CrMnPt layers for pinning at the top. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) reveals that the CoFeB has an amorphous structure and a smooth interface with the Al2O3 tunnel barrier. Although it is difficult to pin the amorphous CoFeB directly from the top, the use of a synthetic antiferromagnet (SAF) pinned layer structure allows sufficient rigidity of the reference CoFeB layer. The tunnel junctions were annealed at 250°C for 1 h and tested for magneto-transport properties with tunnel magnetoresistive (TMR) values as high as 70.4% at room temperature, which is the highest value ever reported for such a sandwich structure. This TMR value translates to a spin polarization of 51% for CoFeB, which is likely to be higher at lower temperatures. These junctions also have a low coercivity (Hc) and a low parallel coupling field (Hcoupl). The combination of a high TMR, a low Hc, and a low Hcoupl is ideal for magnetic field sensor applications.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 4 )