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It is well known that the existence of spatial fading correlation and keyhole effects severely reduces the capacity of multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) channels. In this letter, for correlated Rayleigh frequency-flat fading channels with keyholes, a tight lower capacity bound is given in a closed form. For the uncorrelated case, the lower bound can be proved to be tight asymptotically. The tightness of this bound for both correlated and uncorrelated channels is demonstrated by numerical examples.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2004