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A tunable equilateral triangular microstrip patch (ETMP) antenna with a variable air gap between the substrate and the ground plane has been studied theoretically and experimentally. Calculated resonant frequencies for different air gap heights have been verified with measurements of a coax-fed antenna. The tunability of the antenna as a function of the air gap height is studied theoretically showing over 200% tunable range of an ETMP with 50 mm side length printed on a substrate with εr=10.5. The computed results for the antennas with zero air gap height are compared with a standard spectral domain moment method analysis supported by other previously reported experiments. Very close agreement is revealed in all comparisons.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2004