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Overstressing of high-Voltage capacitors

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4 Author(s)
Heljestrand, A. ; Dept. of Electrcity & Lightning Res., Univ. of Uppsala, Sweden ; Bernhoff, H. ; Isberg, J. ; Larsson, A.

In compact pulsed power conditioning systems, a high electric energy density of its capacitors is of interest. Commercially available capacitors are normally designed for long storage time and long lifetime. The performance of capacitors in terms of energy density capability can be improved by overstress or overcharge, that is, charging to a significantly higher energy density than specified. This paper explores the limits of overstressing commercially available capacitors for short time spans. The selected capacitors have a nominal dc voltage in the range of 2.5-10 kV and a capacitance in the range of 0.015-0.12 μF. Two different storage times have been considered: 2 μs and 20 ms. A high-voltage test setup was constructed. For the short storage time, it was possible to overstress the energy density as compared to nominal values with a factor of 26 and for the long storage time with a factor of 14 for the best performing capacitor. Other capacitors behaved significantly poorer, especially for the long storage time.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 3 )