By Topic

The distance-2 matching problem and its relationship to the MAC-Layer capacity of ad hoc wireless networks

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

5 Author(s)
H. Balakrishnan ; Comput. Sci. & Artificial Intelligence Lab., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA ; C. L. Barrett ; V. S. A. Kumar ; M. V. Marathe
more authors

We consider the problem of determining the maximum capacity of the media access (MAC) layer in wireless ad hoc networks. Due to spatial contention for the shared wireless medium, not all nodes can concurrently transmit packets to each other in these networks. The maximum number of possible concurrent transmissions is, therefore, an estimate of the maximum network capacity, and depends on the MAC protocol being used. We show that for a large class of MAC protocols based on virtual carrier sensing using RTS/CTS messages, which includes the popular IEEE 802.11 standard, this problem may be modeled as a maximum Distance-2 matching ( D2EMIS) in the underlying wireless network: Given a graph G(V,E), find a set of edges E'⊆E such that no two edges in E' are connected by another edge in E. D2EMIS is NP-complete. Our primary goal is to show that it can be approximated efficiently in networks that arise in practice. We do this by focusing on an admittedly simplistic, yet natural, graph-theoretic model for ad hoc wireless networks based on disk graphs, where a node can reach all other nodes within some distance (nodes may have unequal reach distances). We show that our approximation yields good capacity bounds. Our work is the first attempt at characterizing an important "maximum" measure of wireless network capacity, and can be used to shed light on previous topology formation protocols like Span and GAF that attempt to produce "good" or "capacity-preserving" topologies, while allowing nodes to alternate between sleep and awake states. Our work shows an efficient way to compute an upper bound on maximum wireless network capacity, thereby allowing topology formation algorithms to determine how close they are to optimal. We also outline a distributed algorithm for the problem for unit disk graphs, and briefly discuss extensions of our results to: 1) different node interference models; 2) directional antennas; and 3) other transceiver connectivity structures besides disk graphs.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 6 )